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Climate of Punjab for PPSC




Introduction

➢ Climate: the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
➢ It is measured by assessing the patterns of variation in temperature,humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation, clouds, sunshine etc.
➢ Punjab has Subtropical Monsoon type of climate.

Seasons ➢ Punjab has three regular and two transitional seasons ➢ Regular seasons ○ Summer season ○ Rainy season ○ Winter season ➢ Transitional seasons ○ Autumn ○ Spring Summer ➢ From mid April to end of June ➢ Loo : hot and dry westerly wind that blows in the months of May-June ➢ Dust storms ➢ The region has the lowest pressure. Thus forcing south west monsoon to reach this region by end of June Rainy Season ➢ End of june ➢ Receives south west monsoon earliest in the country. ➢ Both Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal branch of monsoon give moderate rainfall ➢ Start of agricultural year with sowing of Kharif crops Winter Season ➢ Mid- November to end of February ➢ Mean temperature - below 21°C ➢ Temperature may go below freezing point sometime ➢ Reasons for excessive cold : ○ Away from sea ○ Cold winds from Caspian sea and Turkmenistan ➢ Western disturbance: weak temperate cyclones originating in the Mediterranean sea that cause rainfall in Punjab in winters. It is highly beneficial for Rabi crops Autumn Season
➢ Gradual change in weather after the withdrawal of Monsoon in September that continues till mid November. ➢ Day temperature is high and night becomes pleasant Spring Season ➢ Advent of march ➢ Temperature rises abruptly
Download the PDF here : Climate of Punjab.pdf


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