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Important National and International Days - January

Important National and International - JANUARY


Pravasi Bharatiya Divas: 9 January

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas logo
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 
  • Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Non-Resident Indian Day) is a celebratory day observed on 9 January by the Republic of India to mark the contribution of the overseas Indian community towards the development of India.
  • The day commemorates the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa to Mumbai on 9 January 1915. 
  • Established in 2003, it is sponsored by the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India. 
  • The format of the event, which is held between 7 and 9 January, has been changed from annual to biennial. 


National Youth Day: 12 January

National Youth Day
  • National Youth Day is celebrated in India on 12 January on the birthday of Swami Vivekananda.
  • In 1984 the Government of India declared the day as the National Youth Day and since 1985 the event is celebrated in India every year.
  • The theme of 2018 ‘Sankalp Se Siddhi.’

Army Day: 15 January

  • Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India.
  • On this day in 1949, Lt. General (later Field Marshal) Kodandera Madappa Cariappa became the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.

National Voters day : 25 January

National Voters day
  • 'National Voters' Day' started from January 25, 2011 to mark Commission's foundation day.
  • The significance of National Voters' Day is to encourage more young voters to take part in the political process.
  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) has celebrated the 8th National Voters’ Day 2018.
  • Theme (2018): ‘Accessible Elections’ across the country.

World Leprosy Eradication:  28 January

World Leprosy Eradication
  • World Leprosy Day is observed internationally on every year last Sunday of January to increase the public awareness of the Leprosy or Hansen's Disease.
  • Leprosy (also known as Hansen’s disease) is one of the oldest diseases known to humankind.
  • It is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae and it usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves. 
  •  Theme (2018): ‘Zero Disabilities in Girls and Boys’.

Martyrs’ Day:  30 January 

  • 30 January is observed as Martyr’s Day at the national level.
  • The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948.

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