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Anglo Sikh Wars for PPSC




➢ The Anglo-Sikh wars were a series of 1840s conflicts between the British East India Trading Company and the Sikh Empire.
➢ There were two Anglo–Sikh wars:
○ The First Anglo-Sikh War (1845–46)
○ The Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–49)

First Anglo-Sikh War (1845-46)

➢ Maharaja Dalip Singh was the ruler of Punjab.
➢ Lord Hardinge was Governor-General of India.

1. Battle of Mudki
➢ Date : 18 Dec. 1845
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Lal Singh
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Hugh Gough
➢ Victor : British

2. Battle of Ferozeshehar
➢ Date : 21 Dec 1845
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Lal Singh and Tej Singh
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Hugh Gough
➢ Victor : British

3. Battle of Baddowal
➢ Date : 21 Jan. 1846
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Ranjodh Singh Majithia
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Henry Smith
➢ Victor : Sikhs

4. Battle of Aliwal
➢ Date : 28 Jan. 1846
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Ranjodh Singh Majithia
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Henry Smith
➢ Victor : British

5. Battle of Sabraon
➢ Date : 10 Feb. 1846
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Lal Singh, Tej Singh, Sham Singh Attariwala
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Henry Smith
➢ Victor : Sikhs

Treaty of Lahore (9 March 1846)

➢ Maharaja Duleep Singh, who was the ruler of Punjab was to remain its ruler
➢ Sikhs lost Jammu, Kashmir, Hazara and some territories in Jalandhar Doab.
➢ Rs. 1.5 Crore was paid to the British as war indemnity.
➢ The Sikhs were to limit their army to a certain number.
➢ Also, a British Resident, Sir Henry Lawrence was appointed to the Sikh court.

Treaty of Bhairowal 

➢ 16 Dec. 1846
➢ Subsidiary treaty
➢ Council of Regency consisting of 8 Sardars
➢ Sir Henry Lawrence was appointed Resident

Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49)

➢ Maharaja Dalip Singh was the ruler of Punjab.
➢ Lord Dalhousie was Governor-General of India.

1. Battle of Ramanagar
➢ Date : 22 nov. 1848
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Sher Singh Attariwala
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Hugh Gough
➢ Victor : Sikhs

2. Battle of Chillianwala
➢ Date : 13 jan. 1849
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Sher Singh Attariwala
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Hugh Gough
➢ Victor : Sikhs

3. Battle of Multan
➢ Date : 22 Jan. 1849
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Mul Raj
➢ Leader of British forces : General Whish
➢ Victor : Britisherscc

4. Battle of Gujrat
➢ Date : 21 Feb. 1849
➢ Leader of Sikh forces : Sher Singh Attariwala and Chattur Singh
➢ Leader of British forces : Sir Gough
➢ Victor : British

Aftermath

➢ 29 March 1849: 
○ Lord Dalhousie made a proclamation by which Punjab was annexed
○ Annual pension was fixed for Maharaja Dalip Singh

➢ 5 April 1849: Punjab ended as a sovereign state.


Download PDF here : Anglo-Sikh Wars.pdf