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Current Affairs- 05 August 2018

NATION

‘Mughalsarai’ junction becomes history today
  • The Mughalsarai Junction will be formally renamed after RSS ideologue Deen Dayal Upadhyay
  • Upadhyay was found dead under mysterious circumstances near the Mughalsarai station in February 1968. The station is also the birth place of former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.
  • A passenger train and a goods train with an all-woman crew,will also be flagged off
  • Railway officials said it will be the first time in the country that an all-woman crew would run a goods train.
Kashmir on the boil over Article 35A hearing in SC
  • Jammu and Kashmir’s major regional parties — the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and the National Conference (NC) — hit the streets on Saturday protesting moves to scrap Article 35A, which defines State subject laws.
  • The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear three petitions challenging Article 35A on August 6.
  • Article 35A is a provision incorporated in the Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are ‘permanent residents’ of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare.
  • Article 35A was added to the Indian constitution through a presidential order of 1954 with the then J&K government's concurrence.
HAL’s Light Combat Aircraft project to fly under the IAF
  • The government is poised to hand over control of the aircraft manufacturing division of the State-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) to the Indian Air Force (IAF). 
  • In addition, three institutions — Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) and Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) — which are under the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) are likely to be brought under the direct control of the Chief of the Air Staff.
  • This is to prevent more time and cost overruns on the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) project.
  • HAL manufactures and assembles a range of aircraft and helicopters. However, it has faced criticism for its time and cost overruns, and lack of professionalism in project execution.
  • The LCA programme was sanctioned in 1983 and the aircraft made its first flight in 2001. 
Odisha gets its first ‘skill museum
  • Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Saturday inaugurated India’s first Skill Museum on the premises of the Government Industrial Training Institute (ITI), Khapuria, Cuttack.
  • Odisha Skills Development Authority, is spread over an area of 2,600 sq. ft. and showcases several ancient and modern equipment and machinery.
'Mosquito Terminator' special train flagged off
  • A special train which will help in preventing mosquito breeding along the railway tracks in Delhi was today jointly flagged off by the Delhi Division of Northern Railway and South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC).
  • The 'Mosquito Terminator on Wheels' will cover a distance of 150 km in each cycle over a period of two days, a statement from the railways said.
  • The train has been envisaged to control and mitigate the menace of mosquito breeding in the burrow pits alongside railway tracks, as a measure to contribute towards public health and, more importantly, for the health safety of people residing at places adjoining the tracks.
  • A truck mounted power sprayer provided by SDMC loaded on a special kind of wagon named DBKM will spray insecticides during the train movement to sanitise the area up to a distance of 50-60 metres along the tracks
WORLD
Sushma in Kyrgyzstan to boost ties
  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj held talks with her Kyrgyzstan counterpart, Erlan Abdyldaev,  on deepening cooperation in trade, energy, defence, security and other areas.
  • The Minister is on a three-nation tour of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan as part of India’s efforts to boost strategic partnership with the resource-rich Central Asian nations. 
  • India and Kyrgyzstan share multi-dimensional relations including political, parliamentary, defence, science and technology and health.
Latin America seeks more missions
  • India should respect the promise it made in 2010 to open embassies in three more Latin American nations, a group of Ambassadors has urged Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale.
  • Shashi Tharoor, Minister of State for External Affairs in the UPA Ministry, announced in the Dominican Republic that India would open missions in that country, Ecuador and Uruguay. These three countries have opened diplomatic missions in India, but India has not reciprocated the gesture
  • The demand for more Indian missions had intensified after Prime Minister Modi announced during his July visit to Africa that India would open 18 more embassies on the continent by 2021.