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Important Events in World History


Magna Carta

It was signed in 1215 A.D. by king John  at Runnymede. it is treated as the “charter of liberties” according to which the English people would be governed by definite laws and not by whims of a despotic king. the elder Pitt, and 18th century parliamentarian described the Magna Carta as the “Bible of the English constitution”.

Renaissance

It is a name given to a transitional movement of Europe between the medieval and the modern ages. it revived the ancient ideas in Literature, painting and architecture. It began in the 14th century and it reached its heyday  in the 15th and 16th centuries .

The Glorious Revolution (England)

It is also known as bloodless Revolution, occurred in England in 1688. it ended the despotic rule of the stuarts in England and made Parliament Supreme thereby inaugurating and English system of government that is called constitutional monarchy.

Industrial Revolution ( England)

It first started in England in the second half of 18th century. with the Rapid growth of applied science The Power driven machines replaced hand work.

American War of Independence

It was fought by the settlers in America against the sovereignty of the British Empire, under the leadership of George Washington during 1776- 83 America declared independence on July 4, 1776.

French Revolution (1789)

It took place in France in 1789. the intellectual background of this revaluation was prepared by such French philosophers as Rousseau, voltair, and Montesquieu. Rousseau, preached  the Gospel of Liberty, equality and fraternity. The revolutionaries executed King louis XVI and his Queen Marie Antoinette. Napoleon emerged as the strongman of France.


The Russian Revolution (1917)

In the 19th Century most of Europe was having Industrial Revolution which bought with it democratic and liberal ideas. But Russia under the Russia despotic continued to predominantly agricultural. The despots exercised their powers ruthlessly. the standard of living of the People was deplorable low. The conditions were practically unbearable. The soviet Council of workers sprang into action and a full-scale Revolt against the despotic government of Czar Nicholas was launched. A general strike was organised. The army refused to fire on the Strikers. The czar had to abdicate and the country came first under the rule of mensheviks in May but soon after in October bolsheviks took over.  Lenin emerged as the strong man of Russia.

World war I (1914-1918) Parties

Germany, Austria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria were on one side and were called Central powers. England, France, Serbia Belgium, Japan, Russia were on the other side and were called the allies. Italy joined the allies in 1915 and the USA in 1917 against the central powers. The war ended on November 14, 1918.

The central powers lost the war. This war led to the founding of the League of Nations in 1920.


World war ll (1939- 1945) Parties

Germany, Italy and Japan called the axis powers, fought on one side; UK, U.S S.R, France, U.S.A.,Poland and benelux countries etc., called the allies, fought on the other side. The axis powers lost the war. The allies were with victorious. This was led to the founding of the U.N.O.

Disintegration of the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union come into existence on November 7, 1917. After the second world war it became a very powerful Empire. it was the leader of the communist bloc of countries and was a power to match the United States. The USA and the Soviet Union represented to distnict  political ideologies: democratic and Communistic respectively. Both were in confrontation with each other and were involved in cold war. with the installation of Gorbachev as a secretary general and President of the Soviet Union relations between the two countries improved and the cold war come to an end.On December 26 1991 the supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union pastor revolvation dissolving the Soviet Union the 70 years old Soviet Union was now no more.

Human Rights Charter

The general assembly of the United Nations adopted Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10,1948. The declaration recognises the inherent dignity and equality of all members of the human family. it recognise the basic Human Rights. United Nations Commission on human rights looks to their enforcement in every part of the world. The work of drafting the human rights charter was done mostly by Rene Cassin  Nobel Peace Prize winner.

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