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The preamble of Constitution

The preamble runs as follows:

“We, The People of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens:

   Justice, social, economic and political;

   Liberty of thought , expression, belief , faith and worship;

  Equality of status and of opportunity;

And to promote among them all

Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation;

In our constituent assembly This twenty-sixth day of November,1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this Constitution.”

Ingredients of the preamble

The preamble contains four ingredients:

Source of authority of the Constitution: The preamble States that the Constitution derives its authority from the people of India.

Nature of Indian state: it declares india to be of a Sovereign, secular, democratic and republic polity.

Objective of the Constitution: it specifies justice, liberty, equality and fraternity as the objectives.

Date of adoption of the Constitution: it's stipulate November 26, 1949 as the date. 


Preamble as part of the Constitution

The supreme Court held that the preamble is not the part of the Constitution and is not a source of substantive powers. But this view has been rejected by supreme Court.

The preamble to our constitution was enacted after the whole of the Constitution was enacted and preamble is part of the Indian Constitution.

The supreme Court held that the preamble is an integral part of the Constitution.


Objectives enshrined in the preamble

Sovereignty- The word 'sovereign’ implies that India is neither a dependency nor a Dominion of any other nation, but an Independent state.

Socialist- socialism implies that judicial freedom be completely subordinated to interest of the community with any deduction that may correctly or incorrectly be drawn from it, added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.

Secular- The term 'secular’ too was added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976. It guarantees freedom of religion to all citizens and does not seek to patronize any particular religion.

Democratic- Democracy is a system of government in which supreme powers are vested in the people and are exercised by the people directly or through elected representative. It is a government of the people, by the people, for the people.

Republic- A republic means two things, one- vesting of political sovereignty in the people and not in a single individual like a king; second- The absence of any privileged class and hence all public officers being opened to every citizen without any discrimination.

Justice- The term 'justice’ in the preamble embraces three distinct forms - social, economic and political, secured through various provisions of fundamental rights and directive principles. Social justice denotes the equal justice or treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on race, religion, caste, Creed sex and so on. Economic justice denotes the non- discrimination between people on the basis of economic factors. Political justice implies that all citizens should have equal political rights, equal access to all political offices and equal voice in the government.

Liberty- The preamble secures to all citizens of India liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, through their fundamental rights, enforceable in the court of law in case of violation.

Equality- The term 'Equality’ means the absence of special privileges to any section of the society and the provisions of adequate opportunities for all individuals without any discrimination.

Fraternity- Fraternity means brotherliness. It implies that all citizens should have a feeling that they are the members of the same family with common interests. The preamble declares that Fraternity has to assure two things the dignity of the individuals and unity and integrity of the nation.

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