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Powers of the President

Powers of the President
The powers of the President may be divided into five categories-
Executive Powers
All the executive action is taken in his name.He  appoints the high officers of the state like governor of the state, The judges of High Court and Supreme Court and their Chief Justices,  The members and chairman of the Union Public Service Commission, Attorney General, comptroller Auditor General, member of the diplomatic missions, the Prime Minister and Ministers, He governs the union territories through Chief Commissioners or Lt. Governors. He is the Supreme Commander of the armed forces.
Legislative Powers
He appoints 12 members of Rajya Sabha and two Anglo Indians to the Lok Sabha;
Summons and prorogue the parliament;
Dissolves the house of people;
Assents or withholds assents to the bills passed by the parliament; 
Returns the bills for reconsideration;
Issues ordinances;
Send messages to Parliament.

Financial Powers
No money bill or demand for grant can be introduced or moved in Parliament, unless it has been recommended by the president.
Judicial Powers
Grand pardons, rise remission or commutation of sentence.
Emergency Powers
Three emergencies: If security of India is threatened by war external aggression or internal armed rebellion.
If the constitutional machinery of a state breaks down.
If the financial stability of India is threatened.
In each case he may suspend the fundamental rights and assume varied powers.
President's Rule
President's rule means adoption of all legislative and executive powers of a state by the President of India. Under article 356 of the constitution the president can take over the administration of a state in case its constitutional machinery breaks down. The President does so either on receipt of a report from the Governor or when he is otherwise satisfied that the situation has arisen in which the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution.
Note-
His powers are vast but his position is like that of the British King. originally implied but made explicit by the 42nd amendment act the president is Bound to exercise his powers on the advice of the Prime Minister. He represents the nation but does not rule over it.



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