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The World Intellectual Property Organization

The world intellectual property Organization (WIPO) convention

The world intellectual property Organization (WIPO) is an organ of the United Nations. Before its establishment, there are many organisations established under certain individual organisations like the Assembly of Paris Union, the executive committee and International Bureau of berne convention. These two are United in an organisation called Bureau Internationaux reunis pour la protection De La propriété intellectuelle known as BIRPI.

The WIPO deals with Intellectual Property Rights regime globally. The convention establishing the WIPO was signed at Stockholm July 14, 1967. The WIPO has its Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

Objectives of the WIPO

The WIPO has the following objectives:

To promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world through cooperation among the states and where appropriate in collaboration with any international organisation; and

To ensure administrative cooperation among the unions.

Functions of the WIPO

The WIPO through it's appropriate organs has the following functions:

To promote the development of measures designed to facilitate the efficient protection of intellectual property rights throughout the world and to harmonize the national legislation in this field;

To perform the administrative tasks of the Paris Union the special unions established in relation with that Union and the berne Union ;

To encourage the conclusion of international agreements designed to promote the protection of intellectual property;

To offer its Corporation To States requesting legal technical assistance in the field of intellectual property;

To assemble and disseminate information concerning the protection of intellectual property carry out and promote studies in this field and publish the results of such studies; and

To maintain services facility in the international protection of intellectual property and wherever appropriate, provide for registration in this field and the publication of the data concerning the registration etc.

Membership of the WIPO

The membership of WIPO is open to any state which is a member of any of the unions. even if it is not a member of a union, a nation can join WIPO if it is a member of the United Nations or other specialised Agencies, or if it is invited by the General Assembly. Even the members of the international atomic energy agency, and  parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice are also entitled to the WIPO membership. it has over 170 States as members in August 1998.

Organs of WIPO :

The WIPO has the following Organs:

General Assembly: General Assembly constitution of the states party of the convention establishing WIPO which are the members of the unions.

Conference: conference consists of the states party to the convention, whether or not they are members of any of the unions.

Coordination Committee: coordination committee consists of the states party to the convention which are members of the executive committee of the Paris Union or the berne Union or both. 

International Bureau: International Bureau is the secretariat of the WIPO. it shall be directed by the Director General, assisted by two or more Deputy director General. The Director General is the Chief Executive of the WIPO and he is appointed for a fixed term which is not less than 6 years. The Director General represents the organisation, reports to and conforms to the instructions of the General Assembly as to the internal and external affairs of WIPO.

World Wide Academy: Apart from these four the WIPO has established recently a worldwide Academy for dissemination of intellectual property rights related to information and knowledge throughout the world.

Agreement Between the WIPO and the WTO

The agreement Between the WIPO and the WTO was concluded in Geneva on December 22, 1995 and entered into force on January 1, 1996. The object of this Agreement is to establish a relationship conducive for cooperation.The agreement between the WIPO and WTO provides for :

Accessibility of laws and regulations in the WIPO collection by WTO members and their Nationals;

Accessibility of the computerised database to WTO members and their Nationals, and 

Accessibility of laws and Regulations in the WIPO collection by WTO Secretariat and the Council for TRIPS etc.

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