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Important parliamentary terms

πŸ‘‰ACT: A Bill passed by both houses of parliament and assented to by the president.

πŸ‘‰ADJOURNMENT MOTION:  it interrupts the normal business of the houses and draws attention to the matter of grave public importance. 

πŸ‘‰APPROPRIATION BILL: it is a bill containing all the demands for grants voted by Lok Sabha long with expenditure charged on consolidated fund of India.

πŸ‘‰BILL: The draft of a legislative proposal put in the proper form which, when passed by both houses of parliament and assented to by the president becomes an act.

πŸ‘‰BUDGET: Annual financial statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the government of India in respect of a financial year.

πŸ‘‰FINANCIAL BILL: It contains all the financial proposals of the government.

πŸ‘‰GAZETTE: The Gazette of India.

πŸ‘‰CASTING VOTE: The vote cast by the chairman, or the person acting as such in the house and by the chairman or person acting as such in a committee, in the case of an equality of votes on a matter.

πŸ‘‰LEADER-OF-OPPOSITION : He has been accorded statutory recognition since 1997. His rank is equal to a cabinet minister.

πŸ‘‰ORDINANCE: A law made by the president in exercise of the powers vested in him by Article 123.

πŸ‘‰PLEBISCITE: It is direct vote of the qualified voters in regard to some important public question.

πŸ‘‰PROROGATION: The termination of the service of house by an order made by the president under Article 85(2)(a).

πŸ‘‰QUORUM: It is the minimum number of members of a legislature that must be present to make the proceedings valid. This is equal to one-tenth of the total number of members.

πŸ‘‰QUESTION HOUR:The first hour of every sitting in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha is meant for questions. These questions relate to the matter of administration, problems of country and the matter is brought to the notice of the ministers. The question includes starred questions, unstarred questions and short notice questions.

πŸ‘‰ZERO HOUR: The zero hour falls after the question hour in the Houses. This hour leads loss of time of parliament because the subject matter is raised without prior permission.

πŸ‘‰REPUBLIC: A state, headed by a non-hereditary head as opposed to a monarchy which is headed by a king or queen.

πŸ‘‰SELECT COMMITTEE: The select committee is constituted for the consideration of various kinds of Bills. The duty of such committee is to collect the required information and to report on the Bills referred to it.

πŸ‘‰RE-ORGANISATION: When the new states are created, the parliament passes the Re-organisation Act for that particular state and all the provisions of legislation are made for the executive and judiciary functions thereof.

πŸ‘‰STATUTORY RESOLUTION: A resolution in pursuance of a provision in the Constitution or an Act of parliament.

πŸ‘‰VOTE-ON-ACCOUNT: It empowers Lok Sabha to draw funds in advance, pending the completion of budgetary process.


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