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What is PPSC? Eligibility | Syllabus | Exam Pattern | Preparation | Books

State Government of Punjab conduct’s Punjab public service commission (PPSC) Examination. This competitive exam is held every year by PPSC (Punjab Public Service Commission) which is a government organization in charge of employing and managing the civil services. PPS recruit deserving candidates to fill up the available government posts of Tehsildar, Deputy Superintendent of Police, etc. This exam is a gateway to get employment in the government sector. Different posts under PPSC are
Child Development Project Officer
  • General
  • ESM/LDESM, Punjab
  • Sports Person, Punjab
  • Physically Handicapped, Punjab Hearing Impaired
  • Scheduled Castes others, Punjab
  • C. (others) ESM/ LDESM, Punjab
  • Balmiki/ Mazbhi Sikh, Punjab
  • Backward Classes, Punjab
Inspectors Audit, Cooperative Societies
  • General
  • Ex-Serviceman/ LDESM, Punjab
  • Wards of Freedom Fighters, Punjab
  • Sports Persons, Punjab
  • Physically Handicapped (Orthopedically)
  • Physically Handicapped (Hearing impaired)
  • Physically Handicapped (Blind)
  • Scheduled Castes, Punjab
  • Scheduled Castes, (ESM/LDESM ) Punjab
  • Scheduled Castes (Sports Persons), Punjab
  • Balmiki/ Mazbhi Sikhs, Punjab
  • Balmiki/ Mazbhi Sikhs (ESM/LDESM ), Punjab
  • Balmiki/ Mazbhi Sikhs (Sports ), Punjab
  • Backward Classes, Punjab
  • Backward Classes (ESM/LDESM ), Punjab
Audit Officer, Cooperative Societies
  • General
  • Physically Handicapped (Visually impaired)
  • Scheduled Castes, Punjab
  • Balmiki/ Mazbhi Sikhs, Punjab
  • Backward Classes, Punjab
Eligibility criteria of PPSC?
A candidate shall be a:
  • Citizen of India; or
  • Citizen of Nepal; or
  • Subject of Bhutan; or
  • Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the Ist January. 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India; or.
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar) Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India;
Age Limit for PPSC
  • Candidates should not be below 18 years and above 37 years of age as on 01/01/2016.
  • Upper age limit may be relaxed up to 45 years for all States/ Central Government employees.
  • The Upper age limit is relaxed up to 42 years for Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes of Punjab.
  • Ex-servicemen of Punjab Domicile shall be allowed to deduct the period of his service in the Armed Forces of Union from his actual age and if the resultant age does not exceed the maximum age limit prescribed for direct appointment to such a vacancy in the Service Rules concerned by more than three years, he shall be deemed to satisfy the condition regarding age limit.
  • Upper age limit is also relaxed up to 42 years for Widows, Divorcees and certain other
  • Categories of Women.
  • Upper age limit is also relaxed up to 47 years for Physically Handicapped of Punjab.
Education Qualification
  • Should possess a degree in http://M.Sc. (Agriculture) With Soil Science or Conservation Agriculture as a primary subject or degree in B. Tech. Agricultural Engineering, in First division with an experience of five years in an organization (Public or Private) directly dealing in Soil Conservation or Water Management or Natural Resource Management:
  • Punjabi of Matric or its equivalent standard.
Pattern of PPSC
The PPSC Civil Services Exam consists of 2 phases. Candidates will be selected based on their performance in the following tests:
  • Preliminary Exam
  • Mains Exam followed by an Interview
Preliminary Exam
  • Paper I General Studies
  • Paper II Civil Services Aptitude Test
Main Exam
  • Paper I English
  • Paper II Essay
  • Paper III Punjabi
  • Paper-IV General Studies
  • Paper V General Studies
  • Paper VI Optional I
  • Paper VII Optional I
  • Paper VIII Optional II
  • Paper IX Optional II
Each paper is of 100 marks
  • Interview is of 100 marks
Optional Subject lists of PPSC
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy.
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of one of the languages
Syllabus of PPSC
The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers i.e. Paper I General Studies and Paper II Civil Services Aptitude Test
Paper –I General Studies
Everyday Science
  • States of matter, structure of the atom, versatile nature of carbon.
  • Acids, bases, salt: corrosion in metals, an action of soaps.
  • Life on Earth – evolution, marine & terrestrial life.
  • The human body and life processes, nutrition, disease – its causes & prevention, infectious diseases, lifestyle diseases.
  • Public health initiatives, mother and child health, immunization & vaccination, HIV-AIDS, TB, polio, etc.
  • Force-laws of motion & gravitation, Archimedes principle.
  • Energy – kinetic & potential.
  • Light – reflection & refraction – concepts and applications.
  • Sound – propagation & reflection- concepts and applications.
  • Electric current – concepts and applications.
  • Computers and telecommunication – concepts and applications.
Environmental studies
  • Composition and structure of the atmosphere.
  • Solar system – heat balance & temperature.
  • Atmospheric circulation & weather system, water cycle.
  • Climate change – fossil fuels, greenhouse gasses, renewable energy, clean development mechanism, carbon credits.
  • Water – Oceans, rivers, glaciers, lakes, groundwater, etc.
  • Biodiversity & conservation.
  • Soil – types, crops, food chain, etc.
  • Pollution and toxicity etc.
Political theory & international order
  • The basic concept of freedom, equality, social justice, rights & duties, citizenship, nationalism, secularism, etc.
  • United Nations and its organs/agencies, other international organizations like the World Bank, IMF, WTO, EU, G20, BRICS, etc. and their role in the World peace, trade & development.
  • Indian polity
  • Essential features, provisions, schedules of the Indian Constitution, key amendments.
  • Panchayati Raj. Elections – People’s Representation Act, electoral reforms. The rise of regionalism and coalition politics.
  • Armed challenges to the Indian state since independence.
History of India
  • The Indus valley civilization.
  • The Aryan and the Vedic age.
  • Jainism and Buddhism.
  • The Maurya and Gupta periods.
  • Advent of Islam and Sultanate period (political, social & cultural).
  • The Bhakti Movement.
  • The Mughals (political, social & cultural till Aurangzeb).
  • The coming of the European Powers and the advent of the British rule.
  • The Mutiny of 1857.
  • The British rule and the Indian National Movement (1857-1947) World History
  • The Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
  • Significant events namely The American Revolution 1776; The French Revolution 1789; The Russian Revolution 1917; World Wars I & II.
Indian Economy
  • Indian economic development (1950-1991) – key economic policies, public sector dominance, bank nationalization etc.
  • Five year plans – key goals and significant accomplishments.
  • Liberalization, privatisation and globalisation era since 1991 – key policies, decisions and results.
  • The performance of Indian economy since 1991 – Growth, fiscal & revenue deficits, trade, commerce & balance of payments, inflation, the increase of service sector.
  • Key challenges and responses – agriculture and food security, industrialization, poverty alleviation & employment, rural & urban infrastructure, social sector – health, education, etc.
  • Population – distribution, density, growth and comparison.
  • Migration – types, causes and consequences.
  • Human development. Human settlements.
  • Land resources and agriculture.
  • Water resources.
  • Mineral and energy resources.
  • Manufacturing industries.
  • Planning and sustainable development in India.
  • Transport and communication.
  • International trade.
  • A geographical perspective on selected issues and problems.
  • Current events of national and international importance Punjab
  • Geographic and agro-climatic regions, rivers, water resources, sharing of waters, demographics, human development indices
  • People, Society and Culture Major personalities in history of Punjab, religious movements, major religions & spiritual figures, Punjabi literature, folklore, performing arts, fine arts and crafts History Sufis, saints and gurus, Lodis and Mughals, Sikh rulers, the British period, nationalist movement in Punjab, Punjab in independent India.
  • Economy
  • Agriculture, animal husbandry, industrial & service sectors, principal occupations, development & economic growth, public finance (including central-state fiscal issues), public sector institutions, cooperatives, etc.
Paper –II Civil Services Aptitude Test
  • Reading comprehension; Punjabi and English language comprehension, antonyms and synonyms, grammar and sentence formation.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability
  • Basic numerical skills; numbers, magnitudes, percentages, mathematical relation appreciation
  • Data analysis; Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets.
Main Syllabus
The Punjab PSC Civil Services Mains Syllabus consists of the following subjects:
  • English
  • Essay
  • Punjabi
  • General Studies
  • Optional Subjects
  • Comprehension
  • Composition
  • Letter to Editor
  • Precis Writing
  • Correction of sentences
  • Translation of phrases from the Punjabi language to English
  • Direct & Indirect Speech
  • Active & Passive Voice
  • Usage of Conjunctions
  • Tenses
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Punctuation etc
  • Comprehension
  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary
  • Usage of Words
  • Tenses
  • Synonyms
  • Antonyms
  • Translation of sentences from English to Punjabi
  • Correction of sentences etc
How to prepare for PPSC?
  • Make your schedule of study give appropriate time to each and every topic.
  • Read newspaper, magazine, etc. To increase your awareness on current affairs just keep an eye on reading the various newspapers, watch television for breaking the news.
  • Keep yourself up to date. Just go solving on previous papers, make a habit of marking he key point.
  • Make your notes so that it will be easy while revising at last moments.
  • Take the help of online assessment it will be better to boost your confidence level.
  • Self-assessment is an important preparation. Plan your studies at least two months before the exam.
  • Questions can be asked from every nook and corner of the subject and therefore it is not all advisable to omit any chapter or area.
  • Practice as many mock tests as possible in close to examination environment as possible. During preparation avoid a fatty food just and avoid anxiety before the exam.
  • Make a strict timetable for you on a daily basis. You have required daily 8-10 hrs. Study for mains as very less time has left.
  • Focus on good topics. Study all Government schemes of Punjab state with particular attention and keep an eye on central schemes as well.
  • During exams try to write the answer in points.
  • Underline the key points of your answer
Books for PPSC 
  • India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra
  • Facets of Indian Culture by Spectrum
  • India Since Independence by Bipin Chandra
  • A History of Modern World by Ranjan Chakravarti
  • NCERT books of class XI and XII
  • India: Development and Participation by Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze
  • India After Gandhi by Ramchandra Guha
  • Punjabi Vyakaran by Rajesh Sethi
  • Introduction to Punjabi: Grammar, Conversation, and Literature by G. Mann
  • Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude for Civil Services Main Examination by Subba Rao
  • Ethics in Governance: Innovations Issues and Instrumentalities (English) by Ramesh K Ed Arora
  • Quantitative Apitude by R.S. Aggarwal
  • Objective General English by R.S. Agarwal

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